Modern built-in kitchen appliances are designed for do-it-yourself installation, so washing machines, dishwashers, refrigerators and ovens are equipped with detailed instructions, diagrams, templates, and sets of fasteners.
But first, you need to prepare a place, pay attention to the issue of supplying connection, think about every single nuance of the connection.
To make it easier for you to understand the rules for installing a dishwasher, in this article we have given a step-by-step instruction, where each stage of work is considered in detail. With such a guide, the installation of the built-in dishwasher will be quick and easy.
Preliminary work prior to Dishwasher installation
- Install your own washing machine
- Ask your technician for help.
In the first case, you run the risk of making an installation error and in the second case, you have to spend part of your family budget.
Sometimes being skilled in one area is not enough, you need a few specialized teams: furniture assemblers, plumbers and electricians
Installation services for built-in appliances are offered by the companies that implement them. For a certain fee, the master of the wagon arrives at the appointed time, performs all the work of connection and checks the serviceability of the machine.
Choosing a location with dimensions in mind
Selecting a location for installation is a significant step. For the built-in model, first-level furniture modules, that is, cabinets standing on the floor, are suitable.
But if you liked a lightweight mini-dishwasher, it’s a little simpler to mount it – this method can be inserted at waist or chest level (for ease of maintenance).
There are some criteria for a good position to be chosen. In the future, you will experience problems with water supply / drainage or maintenance of the PMM if you do not follow them.
The furniture module adjacent to the washing unit is the most suitable place, since there are water supply and drainage units nearby, so it is easy to connect hoses.
The length of the hoses should not be long, otherwise it becomes difficult to supply and drain fluid, which often leads to breakdowns.
A lot of installation difficulties arise when the dishwasher is integrated into an already installed kitchen set. You have to adjust the size of the cabinets, and sometimes dismantle and remake some of the furniture.
We recommend that you take care of the installation site before buying furniture. This also applies to the rest of household appliances that require embedding.
Usually, they first choose the models they like, and when drawing up a sketch of the typeface, their location and exact dimensions are taken into account.
Preparation of tools and materials
If measures are required for laying power lines or tapping into a pipe, then the list of necessary items will increase.
For insurance and save time, you should stock up on the following tools:
- hammer drill or powerful drill;
- adjustable wrench;
- a hammer;
- a set of screwdrivers, including flat and cross;
- laser level;
- tape measure, square, pencil;
In addition to tools, you will need connection parts. It is not recommended to use used elements – this will reduce the service life.
To install the outlet, you need to buy the electrical / installation product itself, a socket for it, a three-core copper cable, an additional automatic protective device.
To connect the water, you will need a metal tee for tapping into the water supply, tape, a water cut-off valve , rubber gaskets, clamps or ties for fasteners.
If the siphon is not provided for connecting another drain hose, then it will also have to be changed.
If the voltage in the network often fails, we recommend purchasing a stabilizer . It can be installed on multiple devices at once.
Stages of laying connections
By the time the dishwasher is connected, it is necessary to prepare a power line suitable for the power characteristics.
And also provide for the connection point of the hose to the cold water pipe (or mixer tap), the hole for the drain hose – it is better not directly into the pipe, but into the siphon, which is located under the sink.
Stage # 1 – electrical wiring
So that the dishwasher or other household appliances do not experience interruptions or emergency problems with the power supply, it is necessary to take care of the stability and safety of the entire line, which starts at the electrical panel and ends with a socket.
The following construction and installation activities may be required:
- Shtroblenie walls for internal wiring. “Rough” work of this type is carried out using a wall chaser or a perforator before installing the kitchen set.
- Installation of a circuit breaker in an electrical panel rated 16A, class “C”. For each powerful unit – a boiler, a washing machine, a dishwasher – it is better to install a separate protective device.
- Laying a copper three-core wire from the electrical panel to the installation site of the outlet. One of the options is VVGng 3 * 2.5. This is a non-combustible wire that can withstand loads up to 3.5 kW.
- Installation in the wall of the socket and outlet of wires.
- Installing the socket , connecting the cable.
After connecting, be sure to conduct testing – turn on the machine, and then use any household appliance to check.
You can carry out work on slitting and laying a cable, as well as installing an outlet on your own, but to install the machine in the dashboard, you will have to invite an electrician from the management company or another service organization
Instead of one outlet, it is allowed to install a block of 2-4 sockets, but so that the total load of all electrical appliances connected to the line corresponds to two important indicators: the cross-section of the VVGng copper cable and the rating of the machine.
Stage # 2 – plumbing
Connecting the cold water supply is a little more complicated than the drain hose.
A tee should be installed at the outlet from the pipe or at the connection point of the mixer so that water flows simultaneously in two directions – to the dishwasher and the sink tap.
It makes no sense to install two separate parts – a tee and a tap, when there are tees specially designed for dishwashers or washing machines on sale with the ability to cut off water
If it is necessary to connect only the dishwasher inlet hose, the procedure is as follows:
- We shut off the water and relieve excess pressure by opening any water-folding mixer.
- We unscrew the flexible mixer hose from the water pipe or adapter.
- For tightness of the connection, we screw fum-tape or flax with Unipak paste onto the thread.
- We mount the tee so that the tap is in a comfortable position.
- We attach a flexible mixer hose. If the old gasket is worn out, we immediately change it.
- We check the operation of the tap: we shut it off and open the water supply to the kitchen. If a leak appears, tighten the threaded connections or change the defective product.
- We attach the drain hose by tightening the cap nuts. Before that, we check if the O-rings are in place.
It is important that the water supply hose is not kinked or kinked, otherwise the dishwashing process will be difficult.
The dishwasher hoses are equipped with Aquastop devices with solenoid valves to prevent leaks. These are three-dimensional devices, so before connecting, you must ensure that there is free space for their placement.
If the preparation for connection is made in advance, and the plans are to install several household appliances that need water, then it is better to use a collector, not a tee.
The distributor (collector) has 3 to 5 outputs. This is enough to provide water intake for the PMM, washer, water heating boiler and filters.
Stage # 3 – drain device
There are several options for integrating the drain hose into the sewer system.
The most successful is the connection of the outlet end to the siphon branch pipe, which is installed under the sink.
An economical and easy way to drain. The hose is connected to the outlet of the sink siphon using a plastic angle adapter and a metal clamp
Not all siphon models are suitable for additional PMM connection. If the odor trap is not intended for this, it is possible that it can be extended with a separate element with a branch pipe.
However, the cost of the products is not high, so it is better to buy a new device, originally designed for additional connection of a washing machine or dishwasher.
Plastic siphons have a simple collapsible design and are provided with clear instructions, so it will not be difficult to install the product and connect the hose from the PMM
Due to the fact that the water first enters the siphon, sewage odors from biological waste drains will not spread throughout the apartment.
For this reason, it is not recommended to drain the drain directly, without a water seal or at least a loop, into the sewer pipe.
Subtleties of installing a dishwasher in a cabinet
If the cabinet was ordered for the dimensions of a specific model, then there should be no problems with installation.
The dishwasher body fits freely in the niche, while leaving small gaps on both sides. To reduce vibration, seals are glued to the walls.
When installing some dishwashers, for example, Bosch, there is a mandatory part – a metal protective plate fixed on the lower surface of the tabletop. But the other brands may not have it
To take into account all the nuances of the connection, the machine must be installed in the following order:
- first, try on – push the unit into a cabinet or a niche, check the compliance of the dimensions, the possibility of connection;
- extend and perform preparatory measures – fix the mounting panels, fasteners and vapor protection;
- connect the hoses, push the body into place;
- install decorative panels.
The difficulty lies in the fact that the models of different manufacturers differ, therefore, some installation points also have discrepancies. In order not to be mistaken, you must carefully read the instructions and follow all the recommendations step by step.
A few tips to Installing A Built In Dishwasher
Before attaching the decoration of the front of the door, first enlarge the surface, then glue double tape and panels on top. This is necessary in order to fix the position of the stretch.
When it becomes clear that the holes on the door and the panel match, you can take a screwdriver and tighten the screws.
The last is the side fastening. From the inside of the case, insert self-tapping screws into the holes opposite the bushings and also tighten them with a screwdriver. Do not use nails, otherwise the parts of the machine may be deformed during dismantling.
Hose connection and testing
We connect the hoses to the machine at the very end, but before the side fastening is done.
The body slides forward to provide access to all components. Both hoses are usually attached to the body on one side, at the top or bottom.
They protrude a few centimeters, and the back wall is usually simply removed to provide space in the cabinet.
The connection is made as described above: the hoses are inserted into the holes and secured with union nuts or clamps. No special tool is needed for fixing, everything is done by hand, with a screwdriver or pliers
Once connected, the machine is put in place for testing. We turn on the machine on the dashboard, then plug into the socket, provide water supply and press the “Test” or “Start” button. How to properly perform testing is explained in the instructions.
If there are no leaks, the machine does not hit the countertop or walls, and the test washing cycle went through without incident, then you managed to install the dishwasher with your own hands.
But before you start using it, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the rules of operation and maintenance of the machine.
Conclusions: Installing A Built In Dishwasher
You can begin to perform any steps to install the built-in model, if you are confident in your abilities and have experience in installing this type of household appliances. Otherwise, it is better either to act under the guidance of a master, or to invite specialists.
Do not forget that connection errors can play a frustrating role when it comes to warranty repairs.
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If you still have questions about the installation or you just can’t figure out a specific installation nuance, ask our experts for advice.